EAST Achieves 100s World Record Steady-state High Performance Plasma
count: [2017-07-05]

EAST superconducting tokamak made an exciting advance in achieving a stable 101.2 second steady-state high confinement plasma, creating a new world record in long-pulse H-mode operation on July 3rd night.  

The obtained high confinement mode features the edge localized modes (ELMs) with small perturbation amplitude under the condition of low-momentum injection with pure RF (LHCD, ICRF, ECRH) wave heating, actively cooled ITER-like monoblock tungsten divertor. With effective control of the divertor target heat load and tungsten impurity influx and the center chord average electron density being maintained at > 50% Greenwald density limit, EAST achieved a fully non-inductive current driven steady-state high-performance plasma with a confinement enhancement factor H98y2 greater than 1.1 for more than 100 seconds. All the plasma parameters, including recycling, particle and heat fluxes, reached truly steady-state after 20s, the wall saturate time for the W divertor and maintained stable to the end of discharge.

Excited about the results, Chief Operator Xianzu Gong immediately shared the good news with some of EAST domestic and international partners in midnight via social media. Having operating EAST since 2006, Gong has witnessed every advance made on the machine as well as its setbacks. This breakthrough, he believes, indicates EAST will “continue to play a key role on both physics and engineering fronts of steady-state operation, and has significant scientific implications for the International Thermonuclear Fusion Reactor (ITER) and the future China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor (CFETR)”.

“It is a success of joint efforts,” added Gong. The EAST team has worked together with their collaborators at home and abroad over the past decade solving a series of key technical and physical issues closely related to the steady-state operation, and carried out in-depth scientific research on integrated operation scenarios with effective coupling of multi-scale physical processes.

EAST 2017 experimental campaign will go on for about one more month and the second round of experiment will start in autumn of this year.



Basic parameters of the world’s longest 101.2 s high confinement discharge achieved on EAST Bt=2.5T, PRF=3.0MW, ne/neGW=0.55, Te=4.0KeV, H98y2=1.1, Upper single null configuration