Better Understanding of Plasma Instabilities in Fusion
count: [2020-03-25]
    In fusion devices, hundreds-of-million-degree plasma inevitably suffers from collective instabilities, e.g. the Alfven Eigenmodes with non-axis-symmetries. Understanding the internal excitation mechanism for the Alfven Eigenmodes instabilities is a key to find solutions to better control plasma instabilities and achieve a higher performance.

    Internal transport barrier (ITB) and reversed magnetic shear (RMS) are two important indicators for achieving high performance plasmas. Recently, scientists of EAST team found that series of Alfven Eigenmodes are excited during the formation of ITB, i.e. beta-induced Alfven Eigenmodes (BAEs), reversed shear Alfven Eigenmodes (RSAEs) and beta-induced Alfven-Acoustic Eigenmode (BAAE). The structure of ITB is collapsed and rebuilt periodically for the redistribution of energetic ions (neutron yield), and the sawteeth-like oscillation of energetic ions (or electron temperature) is formed accordingly, and the three Alfven Eigenmodes are aroused by the energetic ions at the position of qmin of RMS.

    This study furthers the understanding of the basic features and internal excited mechanism for those plasma instabilities, which implies the reliable controlling method may be developed to achieve long pulse steady state operation on EAST and on the future International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) and China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor (CFETR).  (Reported and imaged by XU Ming)

Series of Alfven Eigenmodes are excited during sawteeth-like oscillation.

The excitation conditions versus oscillation period for sawteeth-like oscillation.